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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  October 28, 2015 2:00am-2:31am EDT

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>> cameras in place for money and not safety. >> on the red light controversy. >> they don't give two cent about your safety. >> there's an increase in rear end accidents. >> ali velshi on target: hitting the breaks. part of the less-told story of immigration enforcement as been the constant tension over what are calling sanctuary cities. places where authorities don't use local law enforcement to enforce federal immigration laws. the idea that city hall wouldn't participate was at the heart of
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the fight in arizona and the fallout from a terrible murder in san francisco, a woman killed by an undocumented immigrant who has been deported several times. sanctuary cities, no place to hide? it's the inside story. welcome to "inside story," i'm ray suarez. for years local authorities have fried to reassure undocuments immigrants. whether the engoal is in ensuring cooperation with police, making sure kids get vaccinated or keeping kids you know are in the country illegally, make sure they stay in school, local authorities
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found it easier to turn their cities in so-called sanctuary cities. >> reporter: this food cart bustles at lunchtime. >> translator: we are very proud that immigrants are productive. that we are not a problem to the country. we are a solution. >> reporter: they are both undocumented but feel confident enough to call the police if they are in trouble. that's because philadelphia is one of 300 so-called sanctuary cities in the u.s. us. jurisdictions with local police have stopped enforcing federal immigration laws. >> if you have someone who is a criminal or you expect to be a criminal, or is on the run or they are wanted, go to a federal judge, get a warrant, and we'll be happy to told them for you.
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but we're not holding people at a whim. >> reporter: he argues it's impossible to run a city if migrants don't feel safe enough to make a living or feel too frightened to report a crime. >> if you choose us as a place to live, we have a responsibility to protect you. >> reporter: federal courts have agreed. for kenny's opponent that makes little sense. the constitution? >> what about it? >> habous corpus. >> yes, but they are here illegally, so we need to make sure that we are protecting first and foremost the people of philadelphia from people who are committing crimes over and over again. >> reporter: in fact, first-generation immigrants are less likely to commit crimes than anyone else in the population. and it's local police forces
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themselves who argue being used for federal immigration law enforcement undermines effective community policing. before philadelphia became a sanctuary city. they felt they had to allow criminals to walk the streets. >> translator: we used to sell in a shopping cart and suffered discrimination and vandalism. >> reporter: supporters of sanctuary cities argue philadelphia is not just safer, but more prosperous. >> reporter: the last census showed that philadelphia grew for the first time in 60 years. that's because of immigrant communities. so if we want to continue to throw and thrive, we need to send a message that they are welcome and philadelphia is a safe place. >> reporter:
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it is a division in perspective. joining me now is the congressman of illinois. he has long fought for comprehensive immigration reform. welcome back to "inside story." >> it's always good to be with you, ray. >> just over 25 years ago, i went to a news conference. the mayor made it clear that chicago police were not going to ask people about their immigration status, and were not going to give information to then ins officials. has that worked for your city? >> it has worked really well in chicago. if you commit a crime, the police are going to arrest you. the courts are going to prosecute you. we are going to sentence you, and if you are undocumented it is fully expected that you will be swiftly deported once you have paid your penalty. that's the law.
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and so it keeps our community safe, because now my daughter who goes to a public school with other kids in the community, everybody is out watching for my daughter's best interests and for her safety. i watch out for the other kids. the other kids' parents watch out for mine. we're all in it together as a community of people. it isn't as though it's a cost society where the undocumented work and play and shop in a different place than the rest of us. we're all part of the same community. look, the immigration system is broken because the federal government refuses to take action to fix it. we should fix our broken immigration system. that would allow us to invite millions of people to come forward, ray, provide us where their fingerprints and if they pass a background check, we can give them working documents. we'll know where they live. we'll have them checked by the
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government, and those remains outside of the system, we can use the resources to go after them. drug dealers, gang bangers, regardless of their immigration status could be a priority. >> many of your colleagues in congress say this doesn't make sense. if we pick someone up, why not ask them one additional question. are you in the country legally? if we have some reason to believe they may not be? >> sure. and they are going to ask you and me, but they are not going to ask somebody named mr. smith for their -- for their immigration status. they are going to pick and choose and racially profile people, and it is going to make people feel unsafe. and by coming forward if the police department is going to act as an immigration agent, which it shouldn't, look, it says to serve and protect. to serve and protect everyone.
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we should be going after criminals, people who do bad things. that's what the marion bartoli is doing now in the enforcement of going out into the neighborhood. but they are working with the police department. i always find this place incredible. we have a republican majority and lots of other members of congress that are always stalk talking about the incubators where they know how to do things right. where washington, d.c. doesn't have a prescription where everybody has to follow it. well, don't you think the local police would know what is best in terms of keeping the local population safe? aren't they the ones best knowing. why do we need a prescription for everyone? one size fits all. so i say let's fix our broken immigration system, we can take the millions undocumented in this country, register those who pass a criminal background check.
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put them back on the rolls paying taxes, and now we know where they are at. and the ones that are remaining, we can then use the elements of police enforcement both at the federal and local level to go after them. >> a lot of people didn't realize that this system existed until the terrible case of kate steinly in san francisco who was murdered by a max can national who had already been deported multiple times from the country. he shot her to death. and then people found out wait a minute, there are cities that don't turn people over to immigration authorities. >> number 1, he was arrested and deported on multiple occasions. the system worked. it failed when someone simply didn't go and ask for an arrest warrant. simply go to a local judge and say we want this person held.
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here is our arrest warrant for him. it's a tragic case, but at the same time, yeah, our heart goes out to that family, and anybody that loses a child, especially a daughter in such a tragic situation, but we want to keep all of the community safe. the way to do it is pass immigration reform at the federal level let's get people on the books and registered with the government, and do background checks so there are fewer and fewer people we need to go after. this was a failure of the local police enforcement to ask and demand for a warrant for the arrest of that individual -- he was arrested before and promptly deported. listen, that -- that human being that killed that beautiful young lady, i mean he spent more time in jail in the last 20 years than free. coming in and out of the country. you are not going to be able to stop that.
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what you can do is have a system that more quickly and rapidly responds. the system worked, and then it failed, and we had a tragedy. >> representative thanks for joining us on "inside story." we invited a long list of republican office holders who have spoken publicly against sanctuary cities to join us on the program. they have not taken the opportunity to do so. when we come back, we'll bring a debate over this approach. does it put localities into the strange position of turning their backs on violations of the law? would pulling local governments into the fight turn the tide against the practice? even save government money in no place to hide? it's the inside story. >> drilling in the arctic. >> rapid change is always an alarming thing to see. >> as the ice caps recede... and the ocean opens up... how can we protect our natural resources?
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>> this is what innovation looks like. >> scientists reveal cutting-edge technologies... >> you can look beyond the horizon and extend your reach. >> that could avert disaster while helping save the planet. >> i feel like i have a front row seat for some very dramatic changes.
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♪ you are watching "inside story," i'm ray suarez. no place to hide. this time on the program we're looking at so-called sanctuary cities where local authorities refuse to coordinate with federal agencies when enforcing other statutes. joining me now a research fellow at the national center for public policy research. and immigration policy analyst for the kato institute, and leader of the day laborer organizing network.
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you just heard the member of congress who says in its city it is working. what is the problem? >> it is not working. a couple of things. while i think everyone here on this panel are going to say they are in favor of local autonomy, it wouldn't be at the expense of the rest of the country. secondly local and state governments have brood authority in a lot of areas, but the primacy for solving immigration government. and that's not something where we're as concerned as much about the development and opportunities for change. that's the responsibility the federal government has to set. >> chris newman, how do you look at this area of our national debate over immigration? the various cities that have tried this, is it working? >> no, it's a disaster. and you need look no further
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than phoenix, arizona, and the disaster that occurred with the sheriff, the type of erosion of law enforcement and racial violations that occur when police are entangled with the enforcement of immigration law. this is a radical departure from years of what was kept separate civil law enforcement from the criminal law enforcement. this was an experiment that was tried by the obama administration, it has been a failure, i think it will go down as a blunder of the administration, and it is a method of enforcing laws that have been rejected by communities around the country. >> alex, where do you come down on this? >> clearly the federal government does not have the power to force states to enforce laws they don't want to have to
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enforce on the federal level. but it's also important to put this issue into perspective how likely are immigrants likely to commit crimes in the united states. they are much less likely than native americans to do this, no matter what study you look at. and a lot of local police departments think historically going back to 1979 when the first one did a sanctuary city policy, that it allows immigrants to come forward and report other crimes so they can work to decrease the crime rate in the united states. >> how about that horace cooper, that you have to look at a broader context and what you are trying to get done? if you want to scare people away from coming to talk to you, make it clear you are going to check do. >> the courts are consistently upheld the right of the federal government to stipulate if you
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are receiving public federal dollars you must adhere to certain prerogatives to do this. so this makes this very illegal. and the sanctuary city actually gives the space for criminal behavior to take place. and listen to the congressman explain the importance of singling out the gang banger and all of those people. there issing nothing about the sanctuary city concept that wouldn't exist prior and post immigration reform. there will also be that element of the community that for whatever reason isn't interested in cooperating, and you will always be able to make the argument, well, you know what, even though we made it easier for people to become citizens or residents and stay and get a working permit, those that don't, don't we want to engage them with the police? it is a never-ending process, and criminals will exploit this.
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>> that's the 800-pound guerrilla in the room, and that's where we'll come back when we return. is the existence of sanctuary cities really a symptom not a cause? is the real problem that congress after congress can't manage the trick of reworking our immigration laws and coming up with a legislative response to those already here illegally. and if you believe immigration reform is still years away, what do you do in the meantime? no place to hide? it's the inside story.
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♪ ♪ welcome back to "inside
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story," i am ray suarez. for place to hide this time to the program the debate over sanctuary cities and local authorities refuse to go or choosing not to cooperate with federal officials in enforcing federal immigration law. still with me al he should chris and, horace. and you were about to respond. >> i was about to say if what he is saying is true then the roll out of earlier enforcement projects, such as secure communities you would have seen a decrease in crime rate because it feels rolled out in stage. but what we saw is cities that had it earlier saw no meaningful reduction in crime rates due to the roll out of this federal program. so clearly the illegal immigrant population being targeted by this is not more likely to be crime prone and the existence of these federal immaterial brains enforcement measures had no meaningful effect on lowering the crime rate. it's forcing local and state governments to do what they don't want do and doesn't have a
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favorable outcome. >> chris newman, earlier congressman gutierrez talked about how comprehensive immigration reform would go a long way toward solving this problem. by regula regular icing people's and making it clear what the rules are. once we do that and people are on the road to legal status, whether it would drive people who remain here illegal even further underground making the problem even worse. >> there are two things that everyone agrees on. the first is that our immigration laws are outdated and unjust and in need of mod saying, and everyone agrees that it's the federal government's responsibility. the second thing that everyone agrees on is the federal government appears to be broken and we are witnessing a broken united states congress that has put off the obligation that they have to modernize immigration laws which periodically over the
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history has been the obligation of congress. in the meantime, communities are left to grapple with the bad situation. and really we are going to have a patch work of different laws for the foreseeable future where some communities will be more like arizona and, other communities will be more like san francisco. and i think that the choice among reasonable lawmakers, pragmatic lawmakers at the local level it is obvious. >> i want you to respond to the horace' contention because cities of recipients of federal money and as a part of the quid pro quo, they assure the federal government that they are going to follow the law, that they are duty bound to help enforce federal law. >> well, there is no question that the federal government can condition certain grants on, you know, on various things. that's one thing. but what it cannot do is force local governments to get in to the federal immigration enforcement business, and i
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think what a lot of people are starting to be concerned about is the tendency of federal icing local police of saddling them with federal obligations when the federal government is particularly failing. plenty of people would like to see the immigration population reduced and so, you know, by all means nessy guess we see people like donald trump impose says a culture of suspicion on all immigrants what happens if the irs. next federal agency that tries to usurp local authorities. what happened the next time people are pulled over on speeding tickets if you are not only be ran against the fbi and irs database to see if you paid taxes in the quiets. >> let me get horace to respond to the slippery slob argument. >> the parade of horrible is his a powerful argument to make but what we are not observing is that apparently we only can go one direction, only the san francisco model, only the l.a. city model of welcoming in which
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by the way, is a magnet for criminals. it is not the argument that immigrants are overwhelmingly or a significant majority of the crime it is the case why should one criminal come to america and see the sanctuary city as a place of refuge? on the other hand, when the state like arizona says, you know what, we are going to be the opposite of a sanctuary city, we want to be aggressive about limiting the cost that we have to bear. what i don't see is representative gutierrez standing up to the all town plus right of the state of arizona to push back and to be aggressive about not welcoming those that are not lawfully allowed to be here. >> states have a lot more power to restrict and control immigration courage currently than they do to liberalize it or not enforce the rules. currently, for instance, if we were to be fair about it, people on the right or conservatives would be call for allowing
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states to run their own migration system in addition to the federal system that would be the total federalist solution. now you have states that can control a significant number of their -- of this regulation, but a lot of them were struck down as i recall by the supreme court. >> absolutely. the point is that there have been a lot of the sank war sancy city-style advocates that were proponents of these ideas. >> the states are not powerless to restrict like you make it seem today to be. a lot of states have power. mandatory e-verify say big government economic rig layings supported by a lot of immigration states. anti-immigration states like arizona, alabama, south carolina and normal something that free market should be a posed that people on the right are not because it targets their favorite person to target. >> i want to thank my guests. national dale laborer organizationing network. alex immigration analyst.
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and horace cooper a research fellow at the national center for public policy research. i will be back in a minute with a final thought on the day-to-day life in a city and what sanctuary really means. stay with us. it's "inside story."
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♪ ♪ ♪ earlier in the program, i mentioned the late chicago mayor harold washington, and his
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support of a sanctuary city status for chicago. once during an interview he told me one of the hardest things about being mayor was leading through a debate that didn't pit right versus wrong, that was pretty easy. but right versus right. conservative members of congress are right when they point out living in the country while violating the immigration laws is not legal behavior and cities, cities that are the recipients of a lot of federal money shouldn't ignore law breaking because they feel like it. but mayors are right when they say a woman who has witnessed the commission of a violent crime but won't walk in to a police station because she's undocumented or a pa fagundez they are who won't go in to a clinic with his kids for measles shots because he and some of his kids aren't in the country legally are also a danger to public order. a city may get the symbolic satisfaction of enforcing the letter of the law, and all all kind of other problems from that other tough law, the law of
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unintended consequences. i am ray suarez, and that is the "inside story." ♪ ♪ [ ♪ ] on "america tonight", raising the rent. 20 million americans called trailer parks home. many fear they are priced out. >> almost everyone in our properties love being here. they are happy. it's a pain because they love t "america tonight"s christopher putzel on the new speculators and communities in their site. and abad blue flu. >> police are not aggressive.